Learn more about Giselle Potter.
Activities to understand honesty
Learn about the history of A Christmas Carol through various websites.
Learn about the characters in the play A Christmas Carol. This resource will help students increase their comprehension of this play. High level questions and writing prompts are provided to promote understanding of the characters.
Carmine's Introduction to Color
Let's review some information on COLORS.
When you think of lots of colors- Do you think of a box of CRAYONS?
Let's see what the most popular crayon colors are...
WOW! Cool colors!!!! If you had to pick your 4 favorites- Which ones would you pick? Tough decision? Well, you need to choose.
Then please fill out the form about your favorites!
Day Three, Four, and Five
Choose your 4 favorite colors to finish these sentences:
_____________ (color) makes me feel _______________ (emotion).
When I think of ____________________ (color) I think of a ______________ (object).
I think it would be funny if a __________________ (object, animal) was _________________________ (color).
These COLOR books are going to be great!
Let's use AppleWorks and learn to create a document which will then be used to create a book!
Day Six and Seven
Would you like hide behind your favorite colors? How about making a mask? People all over the world make all kinds of masks.
Let's look at a few different masks...
from students studying Africa-
masks from Native Alaskan Yup'ik
Here are some important questions to consider as we begin to think about making our color masks:
How can colors express feelings?
How can expressions be many colors?
Let's begin working on our Color Masks! The first thing we'll do is to see what colors we get by overlapping various colors. What do you think? What kind of expression are you going to put on your mask? We'll have all kinds of fun stuff to decorate our masks with!
Let's continue to work on our Color Masks!
How does your mask represent you?
When you finish your mask:
You will need to write a description of your mask.
Why did you choose the specific colors?
Does it have human features?
Does it have more animal-like features?
What mood do the colors in your mask represent?
Is it funny or serious?
Let's see if we can guess who made each mask. We'll read the descriptions to see how well we know what 'colors' describe our friends. It will be fun to share our projects with each other and a great way to end our elective!
CONSTITUTION ON THE WEB
Prepared by Mrs. Tina Buda
Shh! We're Writing the Constitution by Jean Fritz
The Constitution by Paul Finkelman
Harrison Bergeron by Kurt Vonnegut, Jr.
Fun and Games about Government
DAY ONE: History of The Constitution
The Constitution was signed on September 17th, in 1787. The men who signed this document are known as the Framers. These men met in Philadelphia to write the Constitution. These men worked for four months during the summer. The Constitution is a living document and is divided into three sections. The three sections are the preamble, articles, and ammendments.
What is the Constitution? Let's visit this website so we can answer this question.
Why was The Constitution written? Let's listen to the song and read the lyrics together.
Schoolhouse Rocks No More Kings Lyrics
How old is the Constitution? Click here to see pictures of the Constitution.
Learn about the Constitution from Ben's Guide to U.S. Government for Kids
Who was The Constitution written for? The Constitution was written for you and me.
Watch the online video CREATING THE CONSTITUTION.
Go to ReadWriteThink and use their online webbing tool to outline what you YOU HAVE LEARNED about the Constitution. Your first webbing circle should say The Constitution. Connect additional webbing circles to show what you have learned today. When you are done, print your webbing map.
DAY TWO: Preamble
The Preamble is the first section of The Constitution. It explains the purpose of The Constitution and what this living document does for us.
Let's begin by watching Barney Fife try to recite the preamble.
WE THE PEOPLE are the first words of the Preamble. Visit the Interactive Constitution to learn why these words are so important.
listen to the song and read the lyrics to SCHOOLHOUSE PREAMBLE
Complete The Preamble Scramble: Someone has gone and scrambled the Preamble. They are going to need your help so they can put it back together.
Find out from your teacher what section of the Preamble you will use for this activity. Type your assigned Preamble section at the top of your computer and illustrate your understanding using a painting/drawing program and print.
1. We the People 2. of the United States, 3. in Order to form a more perfect Union, 4. establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, 5. do ordain and establish 6. this Constitution for the United States of America.
Articles The 7 articles of The Constitution create a structured government
There are 7 articles of The Constitution and they are the legislative branch, the executive branch, the judicial branch, the states, amendment, debst oaths supremacy, and ratification. We will focus on the the three branches of government.
When the Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution they created three branches of government so that there would be a checks and balances system. These three branches are the Executive Branch, Legislative Branch, and the Judicial Branch. (Visual aide showing Branches of government)
listen to the song and read the lyrics to Three Ring Government
Students will complete a jigsaw activity. Students will work in teams of two and three and will be assigned one branch of government. Students will complete the activity for their branch and report back to the group.
Legislative Branch (Article One of the Constitution) The Legislative Branch makes the law. Legislature is called Congress. Congress is actually split into two different parts; House of Representatives and the Senate.
Learn all about the Legislative Branch and use the online review to find out what you have learned.
Executive Branch (Article Two of the Constitution) The Exectutive Branch includes the President and Vice President. It also includes the secretaries of all the departments. The job of the Executive Branch is it make sure the law is followed.
Learn all about the Executive Branch and use the online review to find out what you have learned.
Judicial Branch (Article Three of the Constitution) The Judicial Branch includes the Federal Courts and the Supreme Court. The job of the Judicial Branch is to interpret what the law means.
Learn all about the Judicial Branch and use the online review to find out what you have learned.
Ammendments What is an amendment? What is the Bill of Rights?
The Constitution can be changed! If there is a change, it's called an amendment. The first 10 ammendments that were made to the constitution are called the Bill of Rights.
Read the Bill of Rights
Bill of Rights PowerPoint Presentation
Let's see if you can apply your Bill of Rights knowledge to answer these questions! Bill of Rights Matching Game
Video review What is The Constitution
Constitution PowerPoint Game
Read the project choices below and decide on the project that you would like to do.
Complete extra activities located below the choice board.
Elective Project Presentation: All students will comple Preamble Rapper activity. Students will also select an additional project of their choice.
All students wil recite the Preamble in a rap format. Pictures wil be displayed at appropriate times and hand held flags will be used for specialized movement. We will do this as a class!
A Delegate's Diary
Two or Three Students
Pretend you are a delegate at the Constitutional Convention and write 10 diary entries that show what it might have been like. Students will tape themselves using PhotoBooth and a green screen. Think about possilbe props that could be used to make your video authentic.
Delegates to the Constituion
Signers of the Constitution
Create a minimum of three slides using PowerPoint to share what you have learned during this elective. Think about what you have learned and what you could share with others.
Check with your teacher
first for approval
Bill of Rights Power Point
Research the 19th ammendment and write an explanation of why this ammendment was important. Has the ammendment made a difference for women in today's World? Is this ammendment important to you? Explain..
Not all legislative business takes place in the Capitol. Let's go on a Virtual Field Trip to learn more about the Capitol Complex.
How does a bill become a law?
Take a Historical Tour of the White House. Click on a room and then click on GO to listen to the President talk about the different rooms!
The official National Computer has crashed. Help us find the lost amendments by playing this Interactive Game
Build your own BILL
Schoolhouse Rock I'm Just A Bill
Learn about the history of the Constitution and use the online review to see what you have learned.
Celebrate the Constitution Game at Scholastic
Schoolhouse Rock Video Preamble
Kids in the House
TRUMPETER SWANS BY JASON COOPER
KOH-HOH THE CALL OF THE TRUMPETER SWAN BY JAY FEATHERLY
ULTRASWAN PROJECT BY ELINOR OSBORN
SWAN LAKE BY RACHEL ISADORA
SWAN MAIDEN BY HEATHER TOMLINSON
SIX SWANS BY J. GRIMM
THE WILD SWANS BY HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSON
Welcome to our Elective! Let's make an adorable swan nametag using feathers, beads and wiggle eyes. The fun is about to begin!
Read about Trumpeter Swans Facts and color a swan online.
What have you learned about Trumpeter Swans? Can you answer the following questions?
What is a Pen?
What is a Cob?
What is a Cygnet?
Let's learn more about Trumpeter Swans and listen to the happy swans.
Read the information below and visit this swan website to learn more about swans. Don't forget to record your information. Write the following questions on a piece of paper.
Scientific Name: What is the scientific name for a swan?
Description: What do Trumpeter Swans look like?
Habitat: Where do Trumpeter Swans live?
Food: What do Trumpeter Swans eat?
Behavior: How do Trumpeter Swans act?
Scientific Name: (Cygnus buccinator)
The Trumpeter Swan is the largest waterfowl species native to North America. Trumpeters usually weigh 21-30 pounds, although large males may exceed 35 pounds. The male is called a cob; the female is called a pen. With a wingspan over 7 feet, these snow-white birds are truly spectacular. Standing on the ground, an adult Trumpeter stands about 4 feet high. Their long necks allow them to uproot plants in 4 feet of water.
At one time, it was believed that Trumpeter Swans were extinct. A nonmigratory population survived in the remote mountain valleys of Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming. Two nests were also found in Yellowstone National Park. We now know that a population of several thousand Trumpeters also survived in remote parts of Alaska and Canada. Special efforts have been made to move Trumpeter Swans to Jackson, Wyoming and Minnesota and Michigan.
Historic Breeding Ranges for Trumpeter Swans Map
Trumpeter Swan nesting territories be 6 to 150 acres in size. Large, wetlands 1-3 feet deep with a mix of emergent vegetation and open water offer ideal habitat. Such locations support a rich variety of submergent (underwater) plants used for food, such as sago pondweed and water milfoil. Trumpeter Swans also eat emergent plants such as arrowhead, burreed, bulrush, sedges, and wild rice.
Most Trumpeters don't nest until they are four to six years old. Trumpeter Swans mate for life and may live for 20 to 30 years. If one member of a pair dies, the survivor finds another mate. A cob usually replaces its lost mate with a younger pen and returns to the former nesting territory. When a pen remates, it also returns to its former nesting territory. Pairs may select a nesting area near where the pen hatched. The pen chooses the specific nesting area and the cob defends it, sometimes joined by the pen. If a pair spends at least two summers at the same nesting location, it will form an almost unbreakable attachment to the site.
A Trumpeter pair typically arrives on the breeding grounds soon after ice melt in early spring. For the first few weeks after arrival the pair engages in courtship behavior, bobbing their heads and quivering their wings while facing each other.
Swan skins were sold in the fur trade to Europe where they were used to make ladies' powder puffs and feathers were used to adorn fashionable hats.
Let's begin Day two with a fun swan puzzle!!! Click her to complete an online SWAN PUZZLE!!!
Learn about the return of this Trumpeter Swan!
Let's go to DRAW YOUR WORLD and have fun reading, drawing, and writing a story about a swan.
The Swan Mush Pot
Kids sit down in a big circle. A child is "it" and walks around the circle. They walk around and tap people's heads and say whether they are a "duck" or a "swan". Once someone is the "swan" they get up and try chasing them around the circle. The goal is to tap the "it" person before they sit down in the "swan's" spot. If the swan is not able to do this, they become "it" for the next round and play continues. If they do tap the "it" person, the person tagged has to sit in the center of the circle. Then the swan becomes "it" for the next round. Kids can return to the big circle when they are replaced by another child.
Let's Make a Bird Nest Pin
Let's learn more about those cute cygnets! Trumpeter Swans usually nest when they are four to six years old. Trumpeter Swans mate for life and can live for 20 to 30 years. If one swan dies, the other swan will find a new mate. A Trumpeter pair usually arrives on their selected breeding ground in the beginning of spring. During the first few weeks the swans engage in courtship behavior, bobbing their heads and quivering their wings while facing each other.
Swans like large, shallow wetlands 1-3 feet deep with emergent vegetation and open water. This is the perfect habitat for a Trumpeter Swan. These swans like a variety of submergent (underwater) plants for food. Examples of submergent plants are sago pondweed and water milfoil. Trumpeters also enjoy emergent plants such as arrowhead, burreed, bulrush, sedges, and wild rice.
The nests may be as wide as 6 feet or more. Trumpeters build their nests on top of muskrat or beaver lodges, or they pile sedges and cattail tubers into a mound. The cob gathers the vegetation and gives to the pen. The pen piles it high, then uses her body to form a depression for the eggs. The same nest may be used for years. Usually, water surrounds the nest. This protects the swans from mammals.
Beginning in late April to early May, the pen lays one egg about 4 1/2 inches long and 3 inches wide every other day until there is a clutch of 5-9 eggs. Once all eggs have been laid, the pen incubates the eggs and the cob protects the nest against all intruders.
Incubation lasts about 33-34 days. The pen will sometimes leave the nest to feed, bathe, and preen her feathers. Preening is very important because it maintains the bird's plumage. Preening is when a Trumpeter presses its bill against the base of his tail to extract a greasy fluid from an oil gland. This greasy fluid is used to recondition, clean, and waterproof the feathers.
When the pen leaves the nest, she covers the eggs with nest material. The cob will watch the nest to protect the eggs from its enemies. The cob will chase enemies away and perform a "triumph display". A triumph display is when the swans Face each other and quiver their wings and trumpet loudly.
Baby cygnets will hatch in June and they weigh about 7 ounces. In one to two days they go to the water to feed on insects and other aquatic invertebrates. Invertebrates do not have a backbone. When cygnets are four to six weeks old, they feed on aquatic vegetation. Swans use their beaks to uproot the vegetation. At this time, the cob and pen begin molting. Flight feathers on the wings and tail shed and are replaced.
The pen usually molts first, two to three weeks after egg-hatching. The cob's molt follows after the pen has all of her new feathers. Molting lasts about 30 days. Adult swans need to be careful of predators because they can not fly until they get their new feathers. One swan is always able to protect the cygnets.
The cygnets grow rapidly. When they are 15 weeks old, they weigh about 20 pounds. That means they gain more than a pound a week. When they are 15 weeks old, they can fly!
Cygnets begin practicing short flights during September so they are ready to migrate with their parents. Parents and their cygnets return year after year to the same winter feeding sites. The quality and quantity of winter foods influences productivity during the next breeding season. Cygnets will remain with their parents and migrate North during the winter. At this time, the parents make the cygnets leave. They cygnets are usually about one year old when they separate from their parents. They stay in sibling groups until they are about two years old. Then they find a mate of their own!!!
Let's begin the day with some musical fun!
Trumpeter swans, Trumpeter swans,
Wings seven feet wide,
Wings seven feet wide.
They're all snow-white with their sleek black bills,
Who bob their heads to eat their meals.
Did you ever see them fluff all of their quills,
Those Trumpeter swans!
see swan photos, meet swans, follow swans as they migrate (maps), and learn to collar a swan Trumpeter Swan
Merlin is a wizard who turned the king into into small animals. Merlin is visiting us today and you are going to turn into a spectacular Trumpeter Swan. Okay, Trumpeter Swans let's go on a virtual tour.
The virtual tour is over but let's make our very own origami swan that we will remember our trip!!!
(Paper Instructions for Origami Swan) See our example using white paper!!!
Let's meet Sebastion and read more fun stories about swans!! Swan Stories
Now, let's write a fun imaginary story about a swan. Make sure to include an illustration!!!!
Do you need a story starter???
Once upon a time there was a swan that lived in a castle...
I heard the sound of trumpets in my backyard and...
Today we will make our art project to go with our swan stories!
1. Students will be given a large piece of construction paper. They can choose a color that they like!
2. Students will use a crayon and draw an outline of a swan.
3. Students will tear newspaper and glue it inside of the outline of the swan.
4. Students will use construction paper to add special details, (beak, black outline of swan's head, water, plants, sun, moon)
Here is an example of what your art project could look like!
Let's Make an online puzzle! (all about swans, of course...)
Graceful Graceful Swimming Swan
Tune: Twinkle Twinkle Little Star
Written by Mrs. Tina Buda
Graceful, Graceful Swimming Swan,
over the wetlands you glide on.
Then you migrate and take flight,
Graceful, Graceful swimming swan,
Over the wetlands you glide on.
Okay kids, today we are going to make Fluffer-Nutter sandwiches for a snack and we will read a true story about a swan who loved peanut butter sandwiches! The Trumpeter Swan Who Loved Peanut Butter Sandwiches
Nutter Fluffer Recipe
Where is my Cygnet?
outside game by Mrs. Tina Buda
The children will form a standing circle. The pen (female swan) is blindfolded and stands inside the circle. The cygnet (baby swan) also stands inside the circle. The blindfolded pen calls out "pen" and the cygnet then calls out "cygnet". The pen tries to locate and tap the cygnet. The children will gently guide the pen to the inside of the circle if he strays from the circle. The cygnet will try to avoid being tapped by the pen. If the pen finds it too difficult to tap the cygnet, then another cygnet can be added to the inside of the circle.
Read the story Nothing Ever Happens on 90th Street and download the interactive document. Put on your thinking cap as you answer high level questions and be ready to use illustrations as a graphic organizer to create an exciting new story!
Nothing Ever Happens on 90th Street
Read the story Horton Hatches the Egg by Dr. Seuss and download the interactive document. Dive into the world of Dr. Seuss and learn more about the elephant-bird!
Horton Hatches the Egg Interactive
Read the story Make Way for Ducklings by Robert McCloskey and answer the high level questions. You will learn how ducks hatch and actually create your original invention!
Make Way for Ducklings Interactive
Here are the characters that you will use for your new tale!